Please cite this article as: HU SS. Epidemiology and current management of cerebrovascular disease in China. J Geriatr Cardiol 2024; 21(5): 465−474. DOI: 10.26599/1671-5411.2024.04.009.
Citation: Please cite this article as: HU SS. Epidemiology and current management of cerebrovascular disease in China. J Geriatr Cardiol 2024; 21(5): 465−474. DOI: 10.26599/1671-5411.2024.04.009.

Epidemiology and current management of cerebrovascular disease in China

  • The Annual Report on Cardiovascular Health and Diseases in China (2022) intricate landscape of cardiovascular health in China. In connection with the previous section, this fifth section of the report continues the dissection on the management of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Cerebrovascular disease is the leading cause of death and loss of healthy life among Chinese residents. Based on the results of GBD 2019, from 1990 to 2019, the years of life lost due to premature death caused by stroke showed a decreasing trend, while the years lived with disability still increased continuously. At present, national mortality surveillance system can provide national and provincial representative annual death data on cerebrovascular disease, but the national representative data on some other important epidemiological indicators (such as incidence, prevalence, disability rate, and case fatality rate) are scarce in China. With the construction of large cohort population and extension of follow-up time, research on stroke-related risk factors is increasing, providing a basis for the prevention and control of risk factors. Due to limited large-scale population-based intervention studies, there is a lack of epidemiological evidence to transform into feasible intervention strategies and measures. In recent years, great progress in endovascular treatment for basilar-artery occlusion has been achieved in China, but there is still much room for improvement of guideline-based anticoagulant treatment and lipid-lowering treatment, as well as standardized diagnosis and treatment among patients with ischemic stroke.
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